Foot and Ankle Conditions

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These articles do not constitute medical advice. If you are experiencing symptoms, please contact your doctor or make an appointment.

Conditions

Achilles Tendinitis

Achilles tendinitis is a condition where this tendon gets overused, resulting in inflammation and pain.

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Ankle Sprains

When ligaments supporting the bones and joints of the ankle are subjected to sudden and uneven load bearing they get pushed, stretched and/or torn resulting in a sprain.

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Arthritis

Arthritis is a very common affliction in the over 50s population.  In arthritis, the cartilage in the joints is affected and it no longer cushions the bones causing them to rub against each other.

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Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection on the feet usually seen between the toes but may also spread to the sides of the foot.

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Bunion

A bunion is formed when there is prolonged pressure on the big toe and its base pushes outwards.

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Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are areas of thickened skin on the feet and palms.

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Children’s Feet

In the first few years of life, feet show dramatic growth and development from tiny baby feet to an integral part of mobility.

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Diabetes & Your Feet

If you have diabetes, taking care of your feet becomes very important because there can be damage to blood vessels and nerves over time, resulting in poor circulation and numbness.

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Dry Cracked Heels

Dry, cracked heels are a very common problem that can easily worsen from lack of treatment.

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Flat Feet

The soles of the feet have an arch that prevents most of the sole from touching the ground as you stand, walk, etc

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Foot Ulcers

A foot ulcer is a lesion on the sole of the foot where the skin has broken and the tissue underneath is easily visible. and numbness.

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Fracture Broken Bone

A break in a bone is a fracture. Simple fractures are single, clean breaks in a bone while compound fractures are complicated breaks.

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Fungal Nails

Fungal infections can occur underneath the surface of the nail. The fungus attacks the nail, makes it discolored, thickened, and brittle.

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Ganglion Cyst

A ganglion cyst is an accumulation of fluid under the skin. It is seen in the sheath covering the joints and tendons and commonly occurs in wrists, ankles, and feet.

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Gout

Gout is an arthritic condition that is the result of a build-up of uric acid.

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Haglund’s Deformity

Haglund’s deformity is the formation of a bump on the back of the heel where the Achilles tendon connects to the heel. It is also called a ‘pump bump’ (caused by tight pump shoes) or retrocalcaneal bursitis.

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Hallux Limitus/Rigidus

When the big toe cannot bend appropriately at the joint as you stand, walk and run it is called Hallux Limitus/Rigidus.

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Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a condition where the second, third, and/or fourth toes are bent at the first joint.

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Heel Pain

Inflammation of the connective tissue that runs along the foot’s arch and joins the toes to the heel bone is called plantar fasciitis.

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High Arches/Cavus Foot

The arch of the foot runs from the toes to the heel. High arches (Pes cavus) or a high instep causes pain because of intense pressure on the toes and heel while doing normal, daily activities.

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Ingrown Nails

Ingrown toenails are those that press and push into the skin of the nail grooves causing pain, swelling, and discomfort.

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Metatarsalgia/ Metatarsal Pain

The metatarsal region of the foot is also called the middle of the foot or the ball of the foot.

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Neuroma

A ‘pinched nerve’ or a nerve tumor is called a neuroma and is a painful condition.

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Posterior Tibial Tendonitis

The posterior tibial tendon attaches the calf muscles to the bones in the foot.

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Sesamoiditis

Sesamoiditis is an inflammation under the big toe in the ball of the foot.

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Shin Splints

Shin splint is pain felt on the shins or the sides of the shins while running or intense walking.

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 Stress Fractures

Stress fractures are tiny breaks in the bone caused by overuse, repeated pressure, or weakness from conditions like osteoporosis or aging.

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Subungual Exostosis

A subungual exostosis is a bony spur under the toenail which is the result of trauma to the toenail.

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Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Compression or pressure upon this nerve or inflammation of tissues around the nerve results in foot, ankle, and toe pain, this is called tarsal tunnel syndrome.

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Venous Stasis

Venous stasis or venostasis is a condition attributed to improper functioning of the veins in the leg.

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Warts – need to create page

A wart is a viral infection that affects the soft tissue through abrasions or microscopic cuts in the skin.

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